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Eritrea Seeks to Facilitate Talks Between Sudan and SPLM-N Rebels
Khartoum — Eritrean government has launched an initiative to bridge gaps between the Sudanese government and Sudan people's Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N) in order to end the South Kordofan and Blue Nile conflict, a news report said.
According to Al-Sudani newspaper, Eritrean President Isaias Afewerki proposed to facilitate a negotiated settlement to the conflict that erupted in June last year when the Sudanese army asked the SPLM-N fighters to disarm before the implementation of a protocol related to the Two Areas.
Sudanese defence minister Abdel-Rahim Hussein on Friday travelled to Asmara to discuss the initiative with the Eritrean leader.
Sudanese government and the rebel groups are holding a difficult indirect process in Addis Ababa as the two parties disagree on everything. Their negotiating teams nonetheless, inked a humanitarian deal brokered by an African Union (AU) mediation led by the former South African president Thabo Mbeki.
But the parties still diverge over many aspects related to the implementation of this issues.
With regard to the political track, the SPLM-N posed a number of conditions including the release of political leaders reinstatement of its chairman Malik Agar in his position of Blue Nile governor and to open this process to include Darfur rebels.
Khartoum on the other hand continues to express some reservations over the framework agreement which is rejected by president Omer Al-Bashir after its signing by his assistant Nafie Ali Nafie on 28 June 2011.
The newspaper further said that Malik Agar and SPLM-N Secretary General Yasir Arman have already met with Eritrean leader in Asmara.
Eritrea also reassured the parties that its initiative would not hamper the ongoing negotiations taking place in Addis Ababa.
The talks are held under the UN resolution 2046 which provides that the process concern the Blue Nile and South Kordofan states. The Security Council decision also indicates that negotiations are based on the framework agreement.
State of Eritrea ሃገረ ኤርትራ Hagere Ertra دولة إرتريا
Anthem: Ertra, Ertra, Ertra Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea
Capital (and largest city) Asmara
15°20′N 38°55′E / 15.333°N 38.917°E / 15.333; 38.917
Official language(s) Tigrinya, Arabic, English Other languages Tigre, Saho, Bilen, Afar, Kunama, Nara, Hedareb,.
Ethnic groups 60% Tigrinya, 30% Tigre, 4% Afar, 3% Saho, 3% Kunama
Demonym Eritrean Government Provisional government
- President Isaias Afewerki
- From Italy November 1941
- From United Kingdom under UN Mandate 1951
- from Ethiopia de facto 24 May 1991
- From Ethiopia de jure 24 May 1993
- Total 117,600 km2 (100th)
45,405 sq mi - Water (%) 0.14%
- 2009 estimate 5,224,000 (109th)
- 2008 census 5,291,370
- Density 43.1/km2 (165th)
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
- Total $3.625 billion
- Per capita $681
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
- Total $2.117 billion
- Per capita $397
HDI (2007) steady 0.472 (low) (165th)
Currency Nakfa (ERN)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
- Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
ISO 3166 code ER
Internet TLD .er
Calling code 291
1 ,. National TV: Eritrea Television (ERI-TV)
Eritrea (play /ˌɛrɨˈtreɪ.ə/ or /ˌɛrɨˈtriːə/; Ge'ez: ኤርትራ ʾErtrā, Arabic: إرتريا Iritrīyā), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa. The capital is Asmara. It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast. The northeast and east of the country has an extensive coastline on the Red Sea, directly across from Saudi Arabia and Yemen. The Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands are part of Eritrea. Eritrea's size is approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi) with an estimated population of 6 million...