A team from the Catalan Institute of Human Paleoecology and Social Evolution (IPHES) has described a spectacular bull's head, a million years, with two meters of horns. The researchers found the fossil fragmented. Once reconstructed, the work has been possible to describe a new species, Bos buiaensis, And confirm that hominids and bulls originated in East Africa 2.5 million years ago and then dispersed in parallel outside the continent.
The site paleoanthropologist at Buia in Eritrea, the Red Sea, where he found a human skull in a million years in 1995, continues to provide extraordinary fossil paleontology.
This was revealed by the discovery of a virtually complete skull of a bull, which places the origin of modern bullfighting in Africa. This is a spectacular piece, with two meters of horns directed outward, slightly pointed forward, and much larger than the largest fighting bulls today. With this skull has been described a new species of bull, Bos buiaensis
Paleontologist Bienvenido Martínez-Navarro, ICREA research professor (Catalan Institute of Research and Advanced Studies) in the IPHES (Catalan Institute of Human Paleoecology and Social Evolution) and its collaborators at the University of Florence, Lorenzo Rook and Mauro Papini, and Yosief Libsekal, director of the National Museum of Eritrea, have been described Bos buiaensis, Taking the name of the town where he was found. The findings are published in the journal Quaternary International.
A restoration cranial
"His cranial structure, although it has some primitive features of their ancestors-those corresponding to the lineage of the great cattle called Pelorovis, known in the scientific literature as Olduvai buffalo in honor of the famous Tanzania-site in general, and their anatomy is basically a modern bull, with skull robust compared to their predecessors, adapted to a diet grazers, and inhabitant of open spaces, because with their antlers could hardly move in forested environments, "said Bienvenido Martínez-Navarro.
Bull's skull was found fragmented into several pieces, some of them still in situWhile conducting a survey in the Buia area in 2003, by Lorenzo Rook, and was removed by Rook and Martinez-Navarro, who later, with the restaurateur Francesco Landucci, University of Florence, prepared the piece to its rebuilding final.